BLS CPR Algorithm

Last updated: December 20, 2020

2020 updated guidelines have been published by American Heart Association®, by enrolling in our courses you will receive the current learning materials (2016 guidelines) now and also AUTOMATICALLY have free access to the 2021 guidelines when available. Please note that our company typically implements new training guidelines up to a year before AHA releases their updates.

High quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation

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HIGH QUALITY CPR is important in the provision of basic life support to an unresponsive victim without a pulse. High quality CPR possesses the following important characteristics:

  1. Compressions should begin within ten seconds of determination of cardiac arrest.
  2. The rate of compression should be 100–120 per minute.
  3. The depth of compression should be 2”- 2.4” for adults, approximately 2” for children from age one to adolescence, and 1 ½” (4 cm) for infants. The depth of compression should be 1/3 the AP chest diameter for children and infants.
  4. There should be complete recoil of the chest after each compression.
  5. Interruptions in chest compression should be minimized. When giving shocks, the interval between the last compression and the shock should be kept to less than 10 seconds, as should the interval between the shock and following compression.
  6. Chest compressions should be initiated prior to rescue breathing. CPR should be initiated with 30 compressions, in order to shorten any delay to the first compressions.
  7. When giving breaths, effectiveness can be ascertained by watching the rise of the chest.
  8. All excessive ventilation should be avoided; excessive ventilation may result in aspiration, vomitus or pneumonia.

For more information and getting certified check our BLS and CPR courses. Our courses are 100% online and accepted in all US states and Canadian provinces.

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This page is last reviewed and updated by on Jun 4, 2020.