Version control: This document is current with respect to 2015 American Heart Association® Guidelines for CPR and ECC. These guidelines are current until they are replaced on October 2020. If you are reading this page after October 2020, please contact ACLS Training Center at for an updated document.

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Always begin with the basics. Any infant or child with respiratory distress should first receive the following

Treatment of respiratory emergencies depends upon the origin within the respiratory system. This can be divided into four categories, each one having its own interventions.

Upper airway obstruction

Lower airway obstruction

Lung tissue disease

Disordered control of breathing