Version control: This document is current with respect to the latest 2016 American Heart Association® Guidelines for CPR and ECC. These guidelines are current until they are replaced on October 21, 2020. If you are reading this page after October 21, 2020, please contact ACLS Training Center at firstname.lastname@example.org for an updated document.
- Compression rate of 100-120 per minute, pushing hard and fast in chest center.
- Depth of 2" - 2.4” for adults (5-6cm).
- Children and infants: 1/3 depth of the chest (2” and 1.5”).
- Allow complete chest recoil between breaths.
- Head tilt/chin lift: tilt victim's head back and lift the victim's chin to open the airway.
- Infant airway can be opened by placing the head in the “sniffing position.”
- Give rescue breathing, mouth to mouth, in the apneic patient with a pulse.
- For effective breathing, watch for chest rise and avoid excessive ventilation. The ratio of chest compressions to breaths is 30 to 2.
- 10 BREATHS should be delivered each minute, or one breath every six seconds. Each breath should be delivered over 1 second. Observe visible chest rise.